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“一带一路”气象泛亚电竞战略研究

时间: 2016-01-13

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孙健、廖军、赵东、裴顺强、李蕊、王昕、刘颖杰、乔亚茹

(zhongguoqixiangjugonggongqixiangfanyadianjingzhongxin,beijing 100081)

2013nian9yue,xijinpingzhuxizaifangwenhasakesitanshitichugoujian“sichouzhilujingjidai”deshexiang。tongnian10yue,xijinpingzhuxizaichuxiapeclingdaorenfeizhengshihuiyiqijiantichuleyudongmengguojiagongtongfanyadianjing“21shijihaishangsichouzhilu”dechangyi,gongtongdazaozhengzhihuxin、jingjironghe、wenhuabaorongdeliyigongtongti、mingyungongtongtihezerengongtongti。2015nian3yue,guojiafazhangaigewei、waijiaobu、shangwubulianhefabule《tuidonggongjiansichouzhilujingjidaihe21shijihaishangsichouzhiludeyuanjingyuxingdong》,tichuyizhengcegoutong、sheshiliantong、maoyichangtong、zijinrongtong、minxinxiangtongweizhuyaoneirong,jiaqianghezuo,yuyanxianguojiayidao,yigongjian“yidaiyilu”weiqiji,xieshoutuidonggengdafanwei、genggaoshuiping、gengshencengcidedakaifang、dafanyadianjing、daronghe。

《yuanjinghexingdong》detichuweizhongguoqixiangfanyadianjingzouchuqutigonglequanxindejiyu。zhongguoqixiangfanyadianjingcanyu“yidaiyilu”defazhan,yifangmiankeyiliyongzishenbijiaoyoushiweiquyujingjifazhantigongfangzaijianzaifanyadianjing,lingyifangmian,tongguoqixiangfanyadianjingzouchuqu,youliyutuidongtishengzishennengli,dazaoyoujingzhenglideguojiqixiangfanyadianjingpinpai。qixiangfanyadianjingguojihuashifanyadianjingguoqixiangchanyefazhandebiranqushi,jijiduijie“yidaiyilu”zhanlve,dachengchanyechuhaifazhanzhichuan,jiangyouxiaocujinfanyadianjingguoqixiangchanyezaifanyadianjingnengli、chanyeronghe、guojihuashuipingdengfangmianshilidetisheng。

benyanjiuzheyanyu“yidaiyilu”guihuadezhengtifazhanyuanjing,lizuquanqiuqihoubianhuaqushihezhongguoqixiangfanyadianjingnenglidexianshi,yi“baozhanganquan、fanyadianjingminsheng、zheyandaju”weijibenyuanze,weirao“bangzhuyuneiguojiatishengfangzaijianzainengli、cujinyuneiguojiajingjidelvsefazhan、baozhangzhongguoqixiangqiyezouchuqu”sanfangmianmubiao,duizhongguokaizhan“yidaiyilu”qixiangfanyadianjingcunzaideyoushihelieshi、mianlindejihuihetiaozhanzuolexitongdefenxi,tichujianyihejutituijinfangshi,xiwangnengweiqixiangbumenjiqixiangxiangguangeleiqiye、shehuifanyadianjingjigoushenducanyu“yidaiyilu”fanyadianjingtigongjuececankao。

一、“一带一路”国家经济社会与气象泛亚电竞概况

(一)“一带一路”国家经济社会发展概况

泛亚电竞 “yidaiyilu”quyufugai64geguojia,yuezhanquanqiuludimianjide1/4;zongrenkouyue44yi,gdpyue21wanyimeiyuan,fenbiezhanshijiede63%he29%,quyufazhanqianlijuda。genju2013nianrenjunguominshourushuiping(gni)tongjishuju, “yidaiyilu”guojiazhongzhonggaoshourushuipingguojia38ge(zhanbi59%;qizhongyou12geshuyufadajingjiti),zhuyaojizhongzaizhongdongouhexiyadiqu;zhongdengpianxiashourushuipingdeguojia23ge(zhanbi36%),zhuyaofenbuzaidongnanya、nanyahexiyadiqu;dishourushuipingdeguojia3ge(zhanbi5%),fenbieshijianpuzhai、afuhanheniboer。zongtikan,“yidaiyilu”yanxiandaduoshuguojiashenghuoshuipingjiaogao,danquyujianfazhanbupinghengzhuangkuangtuchu。

(二)“一带一路”国家的气象灾害

yidaiyiluyanxianduoshuquyuguojiaqixiangzaihaipinfa,qixiangfanyadianjingxuqiupoqie。dongnanyahenanyazhuyaoqixiangzaihaiyoubaoyuhonglao、taifeng、gaowenganhan、diwenhanchaojiqixiangzaihaiyinfadenishiliudengdizhizaihai,qizhongyingxiangzuidadeweitaifeng、baoyuhonglao。2007nian,nanyaduoguohongzaizaochengzhishao3000rensiwang,6000wanduorenshouzai,yindu、mengjialaguo、niboerhebajisitanshouzaiyouweiyanzhong。2010nian,bajisitanzaoshoujin81nianlaizuiyanzhongbaoyuhonglaozaihai,jin1800rensiwang。2012nian,lianxu4geyuehongshuishitaiguo900wanrenshouzai,shoudoumangubianshuicheng。2013nian,yindubeibu6000yurenzaibaoyujielianxijizhongsiwangshizong,yinduxibuzaoshou40nianlaizuiyanzhongganhan。2013nian,chaoqiangtaifeng“haiyan”xijifeilvbin,zaocheng6000duorensiwang。ouyadalufudizhuyaoqixiangzaihaiyoubaoyuhonglao、gaowen、baofengxue、diwenheyanhan。2008nianchu,baofengxue、yanhan、diwen、yuxuehebingdongtianqixijuanouzhoudongnanbujingzhongyazhizhongguodeduogeguojiahediqu,duogediquzaoyushushiniannaizhibainianbuyudehanjianyanhanbingdongtianqi,daozhiyuqianrensiwang。2012niannianchubainianhanjianhanliubaoxuehengsaoouya,600duorenshiqushengming。zhongdongoudiquzhuyaoqixiangzaihaiyoubaoyuhonglao、gaowenrelang、baofengxuehehanliu,qizhongbaofengxuehehanliujiaoqitajizhongqixiangzaihaifashengpinlvduo。2007nianxiaji,ouzhouzhongbuhenanbushoudaoyanzhonggaowenrelangxiji,zuigaoqiwenpubianchaoguo40℃,zaochengjin600rensiwang。2012niandi,ouzhouzhongbuhedongbuchuxianhanjianhanliubaoxuetianqi,bufendiquchuxianbainianlaizuidiwendu,zaochengdongouyu650rensiwang。2013nian,lianxubaoyuzhizhongoujinglile“shijihongshui”xiji。

(三)“一带一路”国家气象泛亚电竞现状

“yidaiyilu”geguoqixiangfanyadianjingnengliheshuipingyouzhejiaodadechayi。dongnanyageguoqixiangfanyadianjingshuipingzongtishuipingjiaogao。xinjiapo、yindunixiya、malaixiya、yuenan、feilvbindengguoyouxiangduiwanzhengdeqixiangfanyadianjingyewutixihefanyadianjingchanpin,youqizairedaiqixuanjianceyubao、jiangshui、liuyushuiwen、shuiziyuanjiance、nongyeqixiangfangmianfanyadianjingchanpinjiaoweichuse。yindunixiya、xinjiapohuanjingqixiangyewuchanpinyebijiaofengfu。nanyageguoqixiangfanyadianjingfazhanshuipingbupinghengzhuangkuangtuchu。yindu、bajisitan、mengjialaguo、sililankadengguojianyoujiaoweiwanzhengdiqixiangfanyadianjingyewu,qixiangfanyadianjingchanpinfengfu,danyeyouyixieguojiahuodiquqixiangfanyadianjingshuipingjiaodi,fanyadianjingchanpinzhongleishao,xingshizhuyaoyiwenzileiweizhu。zhongyageguoqixiangfanyadianjingfazhanbupinghengzhuangkuangyehentuchu。hasakesitan、wuzibiekesitanjibenjianlilejiaoweiwanzhengdeqixiangfanyadianjingyewu,hasakesitanguojiaqixiangbumenjibencaiqushangyeqixiangfanyadianjingxingshi,yewuchanpintixixiangduiwanzheng,fanyadianjingnenglijiaoqiang。afuhanqixiangfanyadianjingshouzhengzhihuanjingyingxiang,zhuyaoyouguojizuzhijigouyuanzhufanyadianjingshaoshuqixiangzhan,tigongwendu、qiya、jiangshuidengjiaoshaodeyaosushujufanyadianjing。xiyageguoqixiangfanyadianjingshuipingzongtijiaogao。yiselieguojiaqixiangfanyadianjingnengli、jishushuipinghengao,bingxiangfazhanzhongguojiatigongqixiangjishupeixun。yilang、keweite、aman、yuedan、yameiniya、asaibaijiangdengguojunyoujiaoweiwanzhengdeqixiangfanyadianjingyewu。zhongdongougeguoqixiangfanyadianjingzhengtishuipingyehengao,duoshuguojiajianlilewanzhengdeqixiangfanyadianjingyewu。xuduoguojiacaiqugonggongfanyadianjing+shangyehuazhuanyefanyadianjingchanpindefangshiduiwaikaizhanzhenduibutongcengcifanyadianjingxuqiudeqixiangfanyadianjing。ouzhoujiduantianqijingbaoxitong(meteoalarm)zaiquyuneiduoshuguojiadedaoyingyong。zheiyixitongjichenglesuoyoucongouzhouguojiaguanfangshoujidaodegonggongqixiangfanyadianjingwangzhanzhongyaodezaihaixingtianqixinxi,qiyingxiangfanweibaokuozhenggeouzhou。duliantiguojia,geguoqixiangfanyadianjingjigoujianyoujiaoweiwanzhengqixiangfanyadianjingyewu,changguitianqijianceyubao、shuiwenqixiang、huanjingqixiang、qihoushujufanyadianjing、nongyeqixiangdengqixiangfanyadianjingchanpinfengfu。

二、中国开展“一带一路”气象泛亚电竞的主要优势与劣势分析

(一)主要优势

zhongguoqixiangfanyadianjingcanyu“yidaiyilu”dezhuyaoyoushishejiqixiangjishu、qixiangfanyadianjing、zhuangbeizhizao、chanyepeitao、ziyuanzhenghenenglideng5gefangmian。

zaiqixiangjishufangmian,zhongguojubeishuzhitianqiyubaoyewuzizhuyanfatixi。shuzhitianqiyubaoyewuzaiguojiajigoujianlebaokuoquanqiuhequyumoshiyubaoxitong、jiheyubaoxitongjizhuanyeshuzhiyubaoxitongzaineidejiaoweiwanzhengdeshuzhiyubaotixi,t639、grapesquanqiuzhongqishuzhitianqiyubaoxitongjunqudezhangzufazhan。jingxihuayubaoyewuchixutuijin,kaizhanle5gonglifenbianlvdegedianqixiangyaosuyubao,yingyongyufengnenglingyudeshuzhitianqiyubaoyijingjingxidaojutifengjideweizhi。zhongguoshishaoshujigejubeikeguanhuaqihouyucenenglideguojiazhiyi,jianlilequanqiuziliaotonghuaxitong、yuedongliyanshenyucemoshixitongjijijieqihouyucemoshixitong,zaiquanqiuqihouyucexinxijiaohuanzhongfahuizhongyaozuoyong,yeshidongyaquyuqihouyucedezhuyaocankao。jubeiqihoubianhuayugunenglihexianjindejisuanjiziyuandebaozhang,tijiaofanyadianjingguotanpaifangfengzhi、lianheguoqihoubianhuafenghui、zhongmeiqihoubianhualianheshengmingdengduofenzixunbaogao,zaizhengfujianqihoubianhuazhuanmenweiyuanhui(ipcc)zhongfahuilezhongyaozuoyong。

泛亚电竞 zaiqixiangfanyadianjingfangmian,zhongguojianlilefadadezhengfujueceqixiangfanyadianjingtixi,qixiangbumenyugejizhengfubumenjianlilejinmideliandongjizhi,zaixinxichuanbo、fangzaijianzaijuece、zaihaiyingduidongyuandengfangmiandoujianliyizhengtaoxingzhiyouxiaodeguanlitixi,qixianggongzuoyijingchengweizhengfugongzuodezhongyaozuchengbufen,guojiatufashijianyujingxinxifabuxitongyijingjianchengbingtouruyunxing。zhongguoqixiangyingshifanyadianjingfugaile28geguojiajizhuliumeitipingtai,zhongguoqixiangpindaofugairenkouda4.3yi,zhongguotianqiwangnianzongliulanliangda84yiye,tongguoshoujihuoqutianqifanyadianjingyijingchengweishehuigongzhongshenghuodezhongyaozuchengbufen。nongcundiqujianchengyixiangzhenqixiangxinxifanyadianjingzhanheqixiangxinxiyuanweiweijibenjiagoudenongcunfangzaijianzaifanyadianjingtixi,qixiangdalaba、dianzixianshipingbianbuxiangcun。qixiangfanyadianjinglingyushejigongye、nongye、yuye、shangye、nengyuan、jiaotong、yunshu、jianzhu、linye、shuili、guotuziyuan、haiyang、yanye、huanbao、lvyou、hangkong、youdian、baoxian、xiaofangdengduogexingyehebumen。

泛亚电竞 zaizhuangbeizhizaofangmian,zhongguodeqixiangweixingjishufazhanxunsu,fanyadianjingguoyichengweiguojishangtongshiyongyoujingzhiqixiangweixinghejiguiqixiangweixingdeshaoshuguojiahediquzhiyi。jiguiqixiangweixingshixianlegengxinhuandai、zuwangguance,jingzhiqixiangweixingshixianleshuangxingguance、zaiguibeifendeyewumoshi,weixingyaoganyingyongfanyadianjingqudelelingrenzhumudechengjiu。qixiangweixingxiangguanjishuyishixianleyewuhua、xiliehuadefazhan,shixianlecongshiyanyingyongxingxiangyewufanyadianjingxingzhuanbiandemubiao。fengyunerhaohefengyunsanhaoqixiangweixingyinaruquanqiuyewuyingyongqixiangweixingxulie,fanyadianjingguofengyunqixiangweixingchengweiquanqiuzonghediqiuguancexitongdezhongyaochengyuan。caiyongweixingshuzishipinguangbo(dvb-s)jishujianchengdefengyunqixiangweixingshujuguangbofenfaxitongcmacast,shiquanqiudiqiuguancezuzhi(geo)dequanqiuweixingshujuguangbofenfatixidesangehexinchengyuanzhiyi。muqian,cmacastyonghujieshouzhanyichaoguoerbaiduotao,guojiyingxiangliwenbutisheng。tianqileidajishuxingnengyidadaoshijielingxianshuiping,muqianyiyouchaoguo100butianqileidazaiguonei、waidedaoyingyong,bingyijinruluomaniya、hanguo、yindu、meiguodengshichang。ciwai,renyingjishu、fangleizhuangbeidengyezhengzaikuaisufazhan,zongheqixiangguancexitongyunxingjiankongpingtai(asom)touruyewuyunxing,guancezidonghuaquanmiantuijin。

zaichanyepeitaofangmian,zhongguoqixiangyewuruanjianxitongyanfanenglijiaoqiang,qixiangbumenzizhuyanfadeqixiangxinxizonghefenxichulixitong(micaps),yijuanzengjibajisitan、menggu、feilvbin、yindunixiya、jierjisisitandeng17geguojiayingyong,jubeiyidingtuiguangjichu。zhongguojinnianlaixinxijishufazhanxunsu,hulianwang、dashuju、yunjisuandengxinjishuzaifanyadianjingguofazhanxunsu,chuxianlealibaba、baidu、tengxundengjuyouquanqiuyingxianglidehulianwangqiye,yechuxianlehuaweizheiyangdequanqiulingxiandexinxijishuqiye。《guowuyuanguanyujiakuaipeiyuhefazhanzhanlvexingxinxingchanyedejueding》(guofa〔2010〕32hao)yejiangxinyidaixinxijishuchanyezuoweifazhanzhongdian。2015nian7yuefabude《guowuyuanguanyujijituijin“hulianwang+”xingdongdezhidaoyijian》,mingquezhichu,yaotongguo“hulianwang+”bahulianwangdechuangxinchengguoyujingjishehuigelingyushenduronghe,yaoqiujijifahuifanyadianjingguohulianwangyijingxingchengdebijiaoyoushi,jiakuaituijin“hulianwang+”fazhan,peiyuxinxingyetaihechuangxingonggongfanyadianjingmoshi,weibo、weixinjigezhongyidongyingyongdefazhan,yijingweiqixiangfanyadianjingfangshidetigongleqiangdadejishuzhicheng。zhongguoqixiangjuyezuzhizhidingleqixiangxinxihuafazhandeyixiliewenjian,bingquedingle “zhihuiqixiang”defazhanfangxiang,zheixiechengguodoujiangweiyidaiyiluqixiangfanyadianjingdefazhantigonghenhaodejishuzhicheng。zuowei“shijiegongchang”,zhongguozaishengchanzuzhi、maoyiwuliudengfangmiandouyoushenhoudejilei,youliyujinkuaizaiqixiangzhuangbeidezhizaoheshuchufangmiandakaijumian。zhongguoyongyouzhongduogaodengyuanxiaokaizhanqixiangxiangguanjiaoyugongzuo,jianlilebaohantianqi、qihou、yingyongqixiang、qixiangtancedengduogefangxiangdewanshandedaqikexuexueketixi,meinianqixiangbiyeshengdadaoshuqianren。ciwaihaijianlilechengshudejixujiaoyutixi,weiqixiangbumenqixiangguanliganbu、zhuanyejishurenyuantigongjixujiaoyu,bingweiyazhouquyujiqitafazhanzhongguojiapeixunqixiangyewujiguanlirenyuan。

泛亚电竞 zaiziyuanzhenghenenglifangmian,zhongguoqixiangfanyadianjingziyuanzhenghenengliqiang。zhongguoqixiangbumenshixingtongyilingdao,fenjiguanli,qixiangbumenyudifangrenminzhengfushuangzhonglingdao,yiqixiangbumenlingdaoweizhudeguanlitizhi,youliyufahuiquanguoqixiangxitongdeheli。zhongguoqixiangbumenzhongshiyuguoneiwaiyejielingxianjigou、qiyekaizhanguangfanhezuo,tebieshizhongmeihezigongsidechengliheyunzuoguocheng,jiangzaijishu、shangwumoshiheguojituozhanjingyanshangweifanyadianjingxiangguojishichangtuozhantigongjiejian。ciwai,zaitongguochengdanwmoxiangguangongzuo,xiangdisanshijieguojiatigongguojiyuanzhu,lvxingdaguozeren,jileilejiaoduodeguojihuagongzuojingyan,juyoujiaoqiangdeguojiyingxiangli。zhongguojijian、nengyuandengdaxingguoyouqiyeyijingkaizhanledaliangguojihezuoxiangmu,qixiangbansuizhongguoqiyezouchuquyijingjileilebufendejingyan,tongshizhongwaiheziqixiangfanyadianjinggongsidechengliheyunzuoguocheng,jiangzaijishu、shangwumoshiheguojituozhanjingyanshangweifanyadianjingxiangguojishichangtuozhantigongjiejian。yazhoujichusheshitouziyinxingzuoweiyouzhongguofaqibingzhudaodeguojiduobianjigou,jiangzaiyidaiyilufanyadianjingdejichusheshitouzifangmianfahuifeichangzhongyaodezuoyong,qieqizongbuweiyubeijing,zheiyeyouzhuyufanyadianjingfaxiangengduodefanyadianjingjihui。ciwai,zhongguoqixiangbumenchengdanzhongduoguojijigouzhize,zhongguoqixiangjusuoshushiyedanweihaizaihenduoguojijigouzhongfahuizerenheyingxiangli。guojiaqixiangzhongxinchengdanzheshijieqixiangzuzhiquyuzhuanyeqixiangzhongxin(rsmc)hehuanjingjinjixiangyingzhongxin(eerc)derenwu,tongshiyeshithorpex(quanqiuguancexitongyanjiuyukeyubaoxingshiyanquanqiuguancexitongyanjiuyukeyubaoxingshiyan)yazhoutigge(quanqiujiaohushidajihe)zhongxin;guojiaqihouzhongxinshishijieqixiangzuzhiyazhouquyuqihouzhongxin、dongyajifenghuodongzhongxin、yazhoujiduantianqiqihoushijianjiancepingguzhongxinhequanqiuzhangqiyubaochanpinzhongxin,xiangshijieqixiangzuzhichengyuanguotigongjishiyuzhongqihouheqihoubianhuayewuchanpin;guojiaweixingqixiangzhongxinshiquanqiudiqiuguancezuzhi(geo)dequanqiuweixingshujuguangbofenfatixidesangehexinchengyuanzhiyi;zhongguoqixiangjuqixiangtancezhongxinchengdanshijieqixiangzuzhi(wmo)yazhouquyuyiqizhongxin(ric-beijing)gongzuo;zhongguoqixiangjuqixiangganbupeixunxueyuanshishijieqixiangzuzhiquyupeixunzhongxinhewmo/cgmsxunishiyanshiyouxiuzhongxin,bingweiyazhouquyujiqitafazhanzhongguojiapeixunqixiangyewujiguanlirenyuan。

(二)主要劣势

zhuyaotixianzaitianqiheqihouyucejishunengli、qixiangziliao、fanyadianjingfugai、yonghufanyadianjing、zhuangbeizhiliang、shichangtuozhannengli、ziyuanzhenghexiaoyifahui、rencaiziyuan、guanlishuipingyijiguojishichangjingyandengfangmian。

泛亚电竞 tianqiheqihouyucejishushuipingyoudaitigao。zhongguomuqiantianqiheqihouyuceshikongfenbianlvhezhunquelvbugougao,shuzhimoshi(tebieshiquyumoshihehuanjingqixiangmoshishang)heziliaozaifenxishuipingyuguojixianjinshuipinghaiyouhendachaju,yubaozhunquelvbugao,zaijishu、guojirenkedufangmianhaiyouhendadetishengkongjian。

泛亚电竞 bendiqixiangtanceziliaoquefa。youyushangweijianlimianxiangjingxihuayubaodejichuziliaojiaohuanwangluohejiaohuanjizhi,yu“yidaiyilu”guojiadedangdiqixiangfanyadianjingjigouxiangbichuyulieshi。

泛亚电竞 fanyadianjingfugaifanweiyouxian。qixiangfanyadianjingduidaluzhongshiduo,duihaiyangguanzhushao,duiguoneiguanzhuduo,duiguowaiguanzhushao。zhongchiduqixiangmoshidefugaifanweibugouda,shangqueshaomianxiangguowaidejingxihuafanyadianjingchanpin。zhuanyeqixiangfanyadianjingnenglizongtibuqiang,zhuyaoshiyanfahefanyadianjingnengliruo,quefashenruwajue,dabufenfanyadianjingfangxianghaichuzaiyoushenmemaishenmedejieduan,fanyadianjingzhenduixingbuqiang,fanyadianjingfujiazhibugao,shichangjingzhengnenglijiaoruo。duizhuanyeqixiangfanyadianjingjishudeyanfatourulidubugou,biru,duimianxianghaiyang、hangkongdeqixiangfanyadianjingtourushao,nengliboruo,queshaojingzhengli,guoneidedaohangfanyadianjingshichangzhuyaobeiguowaifanyadianjingshangzhanju。

泛亚电竞 yonghutiyanyoudaitisheng。suiranfanyadianjingzaidianshi、wangluoheyidongyingyongfangmianchanpinhenduo,danshizongtilaikan,fanyadianjingzhuzhongneirongtigong,erduiyonghutiyanzhongshibuzu,quefaduihulianwangyonghuxinlidexiguandebawo,duihulianwangwenhuaqianquelejie,chuanboxiaoguoyoudaitisheng。queshaodingjiandefanyadianjingchanpin,suiranfanyadianjingfugaimianduo,fanyadianjingchanpinshuliangbushao,danshishuipingpubianbugao,queshaojuyouguojijingzhenglidechanpin。

zhuangbeizhiliangguojijingzhenglibuzu。zhongyaoguanceshebeiguanjianyuanjiandeshejihezhizaoshuipingjidaitigao,bufenqixiangyiqidezhilianghefadaguojiaxiangbihaiyouhendachaju,shenzhizaizhongguoshichangshangdouhennanyuguojideyiqigongyingshangjingzheng,birufengnengtaiyangnengziyuankaifasuoxudecefeng、ceguangyiqi。

泛亚电竞 shichangtuozhannenglibuqiang。yizhiyilai,fanyadianjingguodeqixiangfanyadianjingyouzhengfuzhudao,shichanghuachengdujiaodi,qixiangxitongsuoshubumencanyushichangjingzhengdeyishi、nenglidouyoudaijiaqiang。guoyoufanyadianjingjigou,shoutizhijizhiyueshu,hennanzaishichanghuanjingzhongshixiankuayueshifazhan,bufenlingyuyijingzaiyuxinxingminyingqiyedejingzhengzhongluoruxiafeng。lingwai,congqixiangfanyadianjingxingyezhengtilaikan,minyingqiyehaichuyuqibujieduan,guojihuajingzhengnenglijiaoruo。

guojihuafanyadianjingrencaibuzu。youyulishihexingyetedianyuanyin,qixiangbumenderenyuanjiegouxiangduidanyi,zhuyaoshiqixianghegongchengleijishurencai,gongshangguanli、waiyudengrencaixiangduijiaoshao,gengqueshaoguojihuarencai,youqishiguojihuadejingyingguanliheshichangkaifarencai,zheijianghuichengweiguojihuafazhandeyigexianzhiyinsu。youyuxingyexingzhiheguanlijizhisuoxian,yenanyixiyindaozugouduodegaoshuipingrencai。

guanlishuipingbugao。xiandaiguanlizhidushangweizhenzhengjianli,qixiangjishuhefanyadianjingdebiaozhunhuachengdubugao,qixiangfanyadianjingzhiliangbaozhengshuipingbugao,qixiangxitongneiqudeiso9001guojizhiliangguanlitixirenzhengdejigoushao,queshaoguojitongxingzheng。xingyexiehuidezuoyongshangweifahui。fanyadianjingdexingyeguanliganggangqibu,xingyeneidezuzhi、xiediao、goutong、guanlijizhishangweijianli,shangmeiyouxingchengxingyezhangkongliheyingxiangli,duiyuxietongkaizhanguojifanyadianjinggengmeiyoujingyan。

quefaguojishichangjingzhengjingyan。qixiangbumensuoshuqiyepubianmeiyouguojishichangtuozhanjingyan,bulejieguojiqixiangfanyadianjingshichangheqixiangfanyadianjingdeguize,weilaizaitigongguojihuafanyadianjingheshangwuyunzuofangmianlieshimingxian。suiranmuqianfanyadianjingchenglizhongmeiqixiangfanyadianjinggongsi,danzheishizaishichangfangshouzhuangtaixiajucuo,bingfeimianxiangguojishichangdekaituojucuo。

三、中国开展“一带一路”气象泛亚电竞机遇和面临的挑战

(一)主要机遇

泛亚电竞 baokuoxinxihuahehulianwangjishudefazhan、quanqiuqihoubianhuashenkeyingxiang、sheshiliantong、maoyichangtong、minxinxiangtonghequanfangweikaifangdexuqiudeng6gefangmian。

泛亚电竞 xinxihuahehulianwangjishudefazhan。hulianwanghexinxihuajishuzaiquanqiufanweineixunsufazhan。suiranfazhanchengdubutong,danshiyiyidonghulianwangweizhuyaotezhengdexinxihuafazhanqushiyijingxingcheng,bingshenkegaibianzhechuantongdefanyadianjingfangshi。duiqixiangxinxifanyadianjingeryan,yaoqiuqixiangyubaogengjiakeguan、jingxi、zhunque,yubaoshixiaogengzhang,yubaogengxinsudugengkuai,yincichuantongdeshujucaijifangshiherengongyubaodefangshijiangbunengshiyingxinxingshidefazhan,gaoshikongfenbianlv、gaoxiaolvdeshuzhitianqiyubaojiangchengweiqixiangxinxifanyadianjingzuiweizhongyaodejichu,yucixiangpeihe,gaofugaideweixingtanceziliaoyingyong、gaoshikongfenbianlvdeleidaziliaoyingyong,yunjisuan、hulianwangfanyadianjingkehuduanyingyong(youqishiyidongkehuduanyingyong)dengyebukehuoque。

泛亚电竞 quanqiuqihoubianhuazengjiaqixiangfanyadianjingxuqiu。quanqiuqihoubianhuashenkeyingxiangzherenleilaiyishengcundeziranhuanjinghejingjishehuidekechixufazhan,kedaozhijiduanshijiandefashengpinlv、qiangdu、kongjianfanweijichixushijianfashenggaibian,bingkedaozhiqiansuoweiyoudejiduanshijian,shidangjinguojishehuigongtongmianlindezhongdatiaozhan。erqihoubianhuadeyingxiangyouyinweibutongguojiahuodiqujingjifazhanshuiping、baoludu、cuiruoxingdebutong,zaishiyingnengli、huifunenglihezonghefengxianfangfannenglifangmianyouhendadebutong,zheiyeweiyingduiqihoubianhuaxiangguanfanyadianjingtichuhenduodexuqiu,youqishizaiqihoubianhuacuiruoxingpinggujiqixiangzaihaixiangguandezonghefengxianfangfan(qixiangxinxishouji、juece、chuanbo、yujingfabu、fangzaidongyuandeng)。

泛亚电竞 “yidaiyilu”sheshiliantongxuqiu。jichusheshihulianhutongneirongbaokuojichusheshifanyadianjingguihua、guojigugantongdaofanyadianjingjijichusheshilvseditanhuayunyingguanli,suoxuqixiangfanyadianjinghangaiqixiangtance、tianqiyubaoyujing、qihouyucejiqihoubianhuadengduogefangmian。jiaotongjichusheshi(gaosutielu、gaosugonglu、gangkou、haishanghangxian、kongzhonghangxian)、nengyuanjichusheshi(dianzhanfanyadianjing、kezaishengnengyuankaifa、shuyoushuqiguandaoanquan、kuajingdianliyushudiantongdaofanyadianjing、quyudianwangshengjigaizao、dianlixitongdiaodu、dianwangsheshifangzaijianzai)jidianxinjichusheshi(kuajingguanglan、zhoujihaidiguanglan)fanyadianjingjiangchengweiyidaiyilujichusheshiliantongdezhongdian。keyiyujian,dajiaotongqixiangfanyadianjing、nengyuandianliqixiangfanyadianjing、dianxinsheshiqixiangfanyadianjingyijimianxiangquyudejichusheshiguihuaqixiangfanyadianjing、chengshifazhanguihuaqixiangfanyadianjingdoujiangyinglaizhongdafazhanjiyu。

泛亚电竞 “yidaiyilu”maoyichangtongxuqiu。maoyichangtongjiangcujinyidaiyilugeguoshichangdejinyibukaifang,tuozhanguojiazhijiandexianghutouzilingyu,jinyibujifaquyuneideshichanghuoli,shichangjingzhengjiangjinyibuzengqiang。yutianqi、qihoumiqiexiangguandexingyejiangduiqixiangfanyadianjingzaifanyadianjingchanpinzhongleijifanyadianjingdejingxihua、zhunquedutichugenggaodexuqiu。gongnongyeshengchananpai、cangchuwuliu、dianlijiaoyidengdouxuyaogengjiajingxizhunquedetianqiheqihouxinxi。nonglinmuyuye、nongchanpinshengchanjiagong、haishuiyangzhi、yuanyangyuye、huanbaochanye、haishanglvyoudengzhuanyelingyufangmiandeqixiangfanyadianjingjiangyinglaixindefazhanjiyu。anzhao《tuidonggongjiansichouzhilujingjidaihe21shijihaishangsichouzhiludeyuanjingyuxingdong》suotichude“zaitouzimaoyizhongtuchushengtaiwenminglinian,jiaqiangshengtaihuanjing、shengwuduoyangxingheyingduiqihoubianhuahezuo,gongjianlvsesichouzhilu”deyaoqiu,shengtaihuanjingxiangguandeqixiangfanyadianjingyejiangyinglaizhongdajiyu,birugongchengfanyadianjinghuanjingyingxiangpingjia、qihouziyuanbaohu、hedianshuidiankaifa、kongqizhiliangyubao、weixianhuaxuepinkuosanyujingdeng,douhuishoudaoyuelaiyueduodezhongshi。

“yidaiyilu”minxinxiangtongxuqiu。minxinxiangtongjiangcujingeguozaiwenhua、jiaoyu、lvyou、yiliaoweishengdengzhuduolingyudefanyadianjing,binghuicujinyuneiguojiazhijiandewenhuafanyadianjing、xueshuwanglai、rencaifanyadianjinghezuo、meitihezuo、qingnianhefunvjiaowang、zhiyuanzhefanyadianjingdeng,rendeguojiliudongjiangyujiapinfan,duitianqixinxidexuqiujidadikuozhan,zaikongjianshangjiangbuzaijuxianyuyiguozhinei,ershihuizhubukuozhandaoqitaguojia,zaishijianshangyebuhuijuxianzai3tianzhinei,ershihuituozhandaoweilai10tian、15tiannaizhigengzhangshijian,yibianyuzuochujingquedexingchenganpai。kejian,zaiminxinxiangtongbeijingxia,qixiangfanyadianjingneirongshangjiangbujinfanyadianjingyudiyi、dierchanye,ershiyaojinyibuxiangdisanchanyetuozhan,qizhongmianxiangguojiyonghudegongzhongqixiangfanyadianjinghelvyouqixiangfanyadianjingjiangyouqizhongyao。

quanfangweikaifangxuqiu。“yidaiyilu”qixiangfanyadianjingjiangweigeshengqixiangbumentigongxindefazhanjiyu,youliyudifangqixiangbumenfahuiqidiyuanyoushihetesejishuyoushi。“yidaiyilu”zhanlvefengfulezhongguoduiwaikaifangdebuju,duiyuyiwangzaiduiwaikaifangzongtizhongchengxiande“dongqiangxiruo、haiqiangbianruo”dejumianjinxingleshishidediaozheng,tebieshisichouzhilujingjidaidefanyadianjing,bujuxianyuzhongguozishendefazhan,bupianmianzhuiqiuneiludiqudeduiwaikaifang,yejiangdaidongzhongguozhoubianguojiadefazhan,jiangzhongguodezhongxibudiquyuzhongya、nanyadengdiqudazaochengweiyigeliyigongtongti,zheizaidiyushangweizhongguoxibuhenanbudeduiwaikaifangtigonglexindejiyu,binghuicujinxibuhenanbushengfenjinyibujiaqiangqixiangxiandaihuafanyadianjing,tuijinqixiangshiyedequyuxiediaofazhan,youzhuyuzengqiangqixiangbumenxingchenghelicanyuguojijingzhengdezhengtishili。

(二)面临的挑战

泛亚电竞 zhuyaobaokuolaizixifangfadaheyuneiqitaguojiadeshichangjingzheng、diyuanhefalvzhengcefengxian、shehuibaorongxingdengfangmian

泛亚电竞 xifangfadaguojiadejingzheng。dangqian,fadaguojiaqixiangbumenpingjieyiyoudexionghoujishujileiyuguyouyoushi,qichengguohechanpinyijingxiangquanshijiequanmianshentou,duibaokuozhongguozaineidexuduoguojiadeqixiangyewufanyadianjinggejuchanshenglejudadechongji。zheishifanyadianjingqixiangfanyadianjingzouchuqudeguochengzhong,shouxianyaomianlindejingzhengweixie,erqieduanqineifanyadianjingzaijishu、pinpai、guojihuajingyandengfangmiandouhennanyingdejingzhengyoushi。

yuneiqitaguojiadejingzheng。zaiyidaiyilufanweineideguojiazhong,yiselie、eluosidengguodeqixiangfanyadianjingjigouyedoujuyoujiaoqiangdeshili。tongshiyouyuxuduoguojia(yindu、bajisitan、mengjialaguo、sililanka、hasakesitan、wuzibiekesitandeng)yedoujianlilejiaoweiwanbeideqixiangfanyadianjingtixi,qiqixiangbumenyufanyadianjingxiangbijuyoubentuyoushi,weilebaohubenguoshichangyehuijifanyadianjingjinrushichangshezhizuli。

泛亚电竞 diyuanhefalvzhengcefengxian。qixiangxinxiyuguofanganquanmiqiexiangguan,youdexinxifeichangmingan,erqiebutongguojiayouyudiyuanzhengzhihuanjingjiwenhuadebutongduiqixiangxinxidelijieyebutong,zheihuijifanyadianjing“zouchuqu”dailaihendadefengxian,bingmianlindangdiqixiangfanyadianjingshichangdezhunrubilei。biruyinduhaijuncengyizhongguoleidachanpincunzai“anquan”wentijujuezaiqizongbusuozaidianzhuangzhongguoduopuleleida。

bufenguojia(nanya)deshehuibaorongxingdi,cunzaijidushehuipaichi。bufenguojia(xiya)zhengjubuwen,yilake、xuliyadengbaolichongtuzengjia,daliangnanminliurulibanenheyuedan。wenhuachayixingchengdefengxian。zhongguoyuqitadiquzaiwenhuajiyoucixingchengdesiweihexingweifangshifangmianjunhuiyouchayi,erqiezheixiechayihaikenengyuminzuzhuyihejiduanzhuyiwentijiaozhizaiyiqi。

四、建议

(一)推动“中国气象”国际化

zhongguoqixiangfanyadianjingguojihuashiqixiangchanyefazhandebiranqushi,jijiduijie“yidaiyilu”zhanlve,dachengchanyechuhaifazhanzhichuan,youxiaocujinqixiangchanyezaifanyadianjingnengli、chanyeronghe、guojihuashuipingdengfangmianshilidetisheng。zhongdianyituofanyadianjingguoqixiangbumenjichuyewu,tongguoqixiangzhuangbeishuchu、jishushuchu、fanyadianjingnenglishuchuyijizhudongcanyufanyadianjingshichangjingzhengdengfangshi,tuidongzhongguoqixiangfanyadianjing“zouchuqu”。

泛亚电竞 ——zhuangbeishuchu。tuidongfanyadianjingguozongheqixiangguancezhuangbei、rengongyingxiangtianqizhuangbei、tianqiyubaozhuangbei、qixiangyingjibaozhangzhuangbeidengdeshuchu。zhendui“yidaiyilu”yanxianqixiangjibenyewuluohoudequyu,zhongdiantuidongfanyadianjingguozidongqixiangzhan、wuxiandiantankongyi、gps/metzhan、haiyangqixiangfubiaoguancezhan、lboduantankongleida、shuzihuatianqileida、yidongxboduanduopuletianqileidadengguancezhuangbeishuchu;zhenduijubeiyidingdimianguancenengli,danzaiqixiangweixingziliaojieshouchulifangmiannengliboruodequyu,zhongdiantuidongfanyadianjingguoweixingshujuguangboxitongjieshouzhan、weixingtianqiyingyongpingtai(swap)heyaoganjiancefenxiyingyongpingtai(smart)dengzhuangbeishuchu;zhenduiqixiangjichuyewuwanzheng,yourengongyingxiangtianqiyewuxuqiudequyu,zhongdiantuidongfanyadianjingguorengongxiaoyu、fangbaodezuoyezhuangbeiheyingjiqixiangbaozhangzhuangbeideshuchu。

——jishushuchu。tuidongfanyadianjingguochengshudeqixiangguancejishu、qixiangshujuchuanshujishu、gaofenbianlvquyushuzhiyubaojishu、quanqiu/quyushuzhitianqiyubaojishuhehuanjingqixiangshuzhiyubaojishudengdeshuchu。zhendui“yidaiyilu”yanxianjiduantianqiyingxiangyanzhongdequyu,zhongdiantuidongfanyadianjingguoduopuleleidajiancejishu、grapes-mesomomoshiyubaojishu、shuiwenqixiangyubaojishu、rengongyingxiangtianqiyewuzhongzengyuhefangbaojishu,leidianfanghujishudeshuchu;zhenduihaiyangguojiadeqixiangfanyadianjingxuqiuhezhongdianhaishanggongchengfanyadianjing,tuidongfanyadianjingguotaifengshuzhiyubaojishu、haiyangqixiangyubaoyujingjishudeshuchu;zhenduiguotushamomianjijiaoduodequyu,zhongdiantuidongfanyadianjingguoshachenguanceheyubaofanyadianjingjishu、huanjingqixiangshuzhiyubaojishudeshuchu;zhenduinongmuyeweizhudequyu,zhongdiantuidongfanyadianjingguogaofenbianlvquyushuzhiyubaojishu、nongyeqixiangfanyadianjingjishu、weixingyaoganjiancejishudeshuchu。

泛亚电竞 ——fanyadianjingshuchu。jiezhufanyadianjingguoqixiangbumenyu“yidaiyilu”geguoqixiangbumendelianghaohezuoguanxi,jiaqiangduizhongguoqixiangfanyadianjingnenglixuanchuanheshuchu。zhendui“yidaiyilu”fanyadianjingzhongbiaozhixinggongcheng,rujiaotong、nengyuan、dianli、tongxin、shangmao、itzhizao、xinxifanyadianjingdengjichusheshifanyadianjing,jiezhufanyadianjingguowufengxi、gedianhua、jingxihua、dinglianghuadexiandaitianqiyubaoyewu,kaizhanzhuanyede、youzhenduixingdeqixiangfanyadianjingbaozhang;zhenduiquyudiliqihoutedian,jiehedangdizhizaitianqitedian,tuidongfanyadianjingguoshuiwendizhizaihai、jiaotonglvyou、fengnengtaiyangneng、huanjingweishengdengzhuanyeqixiangfanyadianjingnenglishuchu;zhendui“yidaiyilu”yanxiangongzhongfanyadianjingnengliboruodequyu,zhongdiantuidongyingshiqixiangfanyadianjing、hulianwangqixiangfanyadianjing、yidongkehuduanqixiangfanyadianjingdengnenglishuchu;zhendui“yidaiyilu”yanxianqixiangzaihaizhizaiyanzhongdequyu,zhongdiantuidongfanyadianjingguofangzaijianzaijueceqixiangfanyadianjingnenglishuchu。

——canyuguojijingzheng。youcelve、youzhenduixingdeyanjiu“yidaiyilu”shanggeguodeqixiangfanyadianjingxuqiuzhongdian,nulituidongqixiangfanyadianjingbiaozhunhuafanyadianjing,kaizhanshuangbian、duobiandeqixiangfanyadianjingnenglirenzheng。dazaozhongguoqixiangju“zhongguotianqi”dequanweipinpaixingxiang,jiaqiangjiyu“hulianwang+”hexiandaiqixiangxinxijishudeqixiangfanyadianjingnenglifanyadianjing,tuidong“zhongguotianqi”pinpaicanyuguojiqixiangfanyadianjingshichangjingzheng。wanshanquanqiujingxihua、dinglianghua、gedianhuadetianqiyubaochanpin,chongfenkaizhanqixiangfanyadianjingshichangdetuozhanhejingzheng。

(二)助力中国企业走出去

qiyeshiguojishichangjingzhengdezhuti,shi“yidaiyilu”zhanlveshishidezhongyaochengzaiti,shizaikuajinggaotie、lulukuajingyouqiguandao、gangkou、tongxunhedianlidenglingyudejichusheshifanyadianjingdeshishizhuti,er“yidaiyilu”kuaguojichusheshifanyadianjingshejidequyuguang,quyuqihouchayida,jiduantianqishijiangaofa,dadatigaolejichuchanyefazhanzhixingnandu。qixiangfanyadianjingjiangzhudongduijiefanyadianjingguoqiye“zouchuqu”zhanlve,jianli“bansuishi”qixiangfanyadianjinglinian,weifanyadianjingguoqiye“zouchuqu”tigongquancheng、youzhiqixiangbaozhangfanyadianjing,weifanyadianjingguo“yidaiyilu”zhongdianchanyefazhanbaojiahuhang。

泛亚电竞 ——mingquexuqiu。jiaqiangyu“yidaiyilu”jichusheshifanyadianjingqiyedegoutong,shenrufenxi “yidaiyilu”zhongdagongchengkancha、sheji、shigongdaojianchenghouyunxingguanliduiqixiangfanyadianjingdexuqiu,jiangqixiangfanyadianjingrongrudaoqiyeyunxinghezhongdagongchengfanyadianjingdequanguocheng。yi“yidaiyilu”nengyuanhejichusheshizhongdagongchengfanyadianjingweizhongdian,zhudongduijiezhonglaotai、zhongmeng、zhonge、zhongba、zhongjiwu、zhongha、zhongtaayi、zhongyin、zhongyuedenghulianhutongjiaotongjichusheshifanyadianjing,zhonge、zhonghayouqiguandaofanyadianjing,duineilianjiezongheyunshudatongdao、duiwaifushequanqiudehaishangsichouzhiluzoulangfanyadianjing,huanraofanyadianjingguodaludeyanbianyanhaiputongguodao、yanbiantielufanyadianjing,yijiqiongzhouhaixia、bohaihaixiakuahaitongdaogongchengfanyadianjing,weifanyadianjingguojiaotongyunshuqiye、nengyuanqiyedeng“zouchuqu”dajianfanyadianjingpingtai,weixingchengfanyadianjingguoyuzhoubianguojiahequyujiaotongyunshuhulianhutong、nengyuanhezuoxingejuchuangzaotiaojian。

——quanchengbaozhang。zhongdagongchengxiangmufanyadianjingqian,tongguoyuzhongdagongchengxiangmuzhixingqiyedegoutong,zhidingcanyuzhongdagongchengxiangmudequanguochengxilieqixiangfanyadianjingfangan,bingtigongqihoukexingxinglunzheng,fenxixiangmufanyadianjingdiqihoutiaojianduidaolu、qiaoliang、gangkou、jichang、daba、dianzhan、guandaodengzhongdagongchengxiangmudekenengyingxiang,yijizhongdagongchengfanyadianjingduidangdiqihouhehuanjingdeyingxiang。fanyadianjingshishiheyunxingguochengzhong,zhenduigongchengduiqixiangfanyadianjingbaozhangdexuqiu,jiaqiangweizhongdagongchengfanyadianjingdetezhongqixiangguancewangluofanyadianjing,kaifazhongdaxiangmufanyadianjingzongheqixiangbaozhangfanyadianjingxitong,quanchengweizhongdagongchengfanyadianjingheyunxingtigongyixiliezhenduixingdeqixiangbaozhangfanyadianjing。

泛亚电竞 ——wanshanfanyadianjingfangshi。fahuizhengfudeguanlifanyadianjinggongneng,weizhengfuyindaoqiyezouchuquzhanlveshishitigongqixiangfanyadianjingjuececankao,jishitigongqihouquhuafenxi、qihoukexingxinglunzhengdengjuecefanyadianjingcailiao,jiaqiangfangzaijianzaiyingjiguanlitixifanyadianjing、jianquanjiduantianqiqihoushijianyingjixiangyingjizhi。fahuihaoshichangdediaojieheziyuanpeizhizuoyong,yindaoshehuiziyuanheminyingzibencanyu,caiyongshichanghuamoshiweikuajingfanyadianjingqiyetigongzhenduixingzhuanyeqixiangfanyadianjing,zhenduizhongyaofanyadianjingluduankaizhanqixiangzaihaifengxianyujingyewuhezhongyaochengshijingxihuayubaoyujingyewu,jianshaoqixiangzaihaideyingxiang。zhenduitaifeng、baoyudengqixiangzaihaiduofaqu,kaizhanduan、zhong、zhangqizaihaixingtianqiyubaohegongchengfanyadianjingjingxihuaqixiangyaosuyubaoyijishuidiandiaodu、jiaotongyunshuqixiangfanyadianjing,yishichanghuajingzhengmoshitigaoshuili、jiaotong、nengyuandengjichusheshizaiqihoubianhuatiaojianxiadeanquanyunyingnengli。

(三)推动“气象+”泛亚电竞“三通”

泛亚电竞 jinmiweiraosheshiliantong、maoyichangtong、minxinxiangtongduiqixiangfanyadianjingbaozhangjiaotonghulianhutong、maoyitouzi、lvyoudenglingyudexuqiu,jiyuqianduanshuzhiyubaomoshideshikongfenbianlvhezhunquelvbuduantigao,fazhanjiyuyingxiangdezhuanyeqixiangyubaoyujingfanyadianjingmoxing,zhongdiantigaojiaotongyunshu、nonglinmuyumaoyihezuojilvyoulingyuzhuanyeqixiangyubaoyujingdejingxihuahejingzhundu。

——tuijinzhuanyeqixiangguancezhanwangfanyadianjingheziliaohuijiaogongxiang。duijie“yidaiyilu”zonghejiaotongbujuguihua,mianxiangxibeiguojigonglutongdao、dongbeijineimengguguojigonglutongdao、xinanguojigonglutongdaodengfanyadianjingguosichouzhilujingjidaisandaguojigongluyunshutongdaoyijiyaoutieluhuoyuntongdao,zhongdianzhenduiheilongjiang、liaoning、jilin、neimenggu、xinjiang、xizang、yunnan、guangxi、guangdongjiushenggongluduiwaitongdao,yijitongguoeluosixiboliyatieludebeibuyaoutongdao、tongguodieryaoudaluqiaodezhongbuyaoutielutongdao、zhengzaicehuazhongdenanbutieluyaoutielutongdaodeqixiangfanyadianjingxuqiu,tuijinsichouzhilujingjidaiguojigonglu、tieluyunshutongdaojiaotongqixiangjiancezhanwangfanyadianjingyijiguoneijiaotongqixiangjiancezhanwangbujuyouhua,jiangqixiangguancesheshinaru“yidaiyilu”zhongdiangongchenghejichusheshifanyadianjingneirong,duiwaiyuanjianqixiangguanceshebei,zaijichusheshifanyadianjingjiaoweiluohoudenanya、zhongyaguojiadezhongdianquyufanyadianjingqixiangguancezhan;jianlijianquanguojiajiandejiaotongqixiangyaosujiancexinxijiaohuanjizhi,goujianqixiangguanceziliaohuijiaowangluo,kuodaguoyuguozhijiandeziliaogongxiangjiaohuanfanweihepinci,shixianjiaotongqixiangfanyadianjingyijibenqixiangguanceziliaoweizhuxiangfugaigonglulumian、tieluyanxiandengzhuanyeqixiangguanceziliaodetuozhan。

泛亚电竞 ——jiakuaifazhangonglu、tielujiaotongqixiangfanyadianjing。weiraosichouzhilujingjidaigonglu、tieluyunshudezhuanmenxuqiu,zhenduishejidiquduofadebaoyuhonglao、dafeng、baoxue、gaowen、hanchaodengzaihaixingtianqi,tigonggonglu、tielujiaotongganxianqixiangzaihaijiancefanyadianjing,fazhanjingxihuadegonglujiaotongqixiangdinengjiandu、lumianzhuangkuang(wendu、jiebing、jixue)dengdeyubaomoxing。jianligonglu、tieluyanxiandafeng、qiangjiangshui、bingxue、leidiandengqixiangzaihaijianceyujingzhibiaotixi,fazhanjiyuduoyuanguanceshujuhequyushuzhimoshideduanlin(shi)yubaomoxing,kaizhanjiaotongqixiangzaihaifengxianpingguhejiyuyingxiangdegaoshikongfenbianlvjiaotongqixiangzaihaiyujingjishuyanjiu,yanfajuyouzhenduixingdegonglu、tielugaoyingxiangtianqiyubaoyujingfanyadianjingchanpinhegexinghuazhishufanyadianjingchanpin,bingtongguomianxiangzhuanyeyonghudejiaotongqixiangfanyadianjingxitonghejiaotongqixiangyujingshebeitigongfanyadianjing。

泛亚电竞 ——kaizhanhaiyanghehangkongqixiangfanyadianjingjishuchubei。zhenduifanyadianjingguoqixiangbumenhaiyang、hangkongqixiangfanyadianjingfazhanzhihou、hexinjingzhengliquefadewenti,yishiweiraokaipihaishangsichouzhiludailaideyuyanxianguojiakaizhanhaishangwuliuxinxihuahezuodejiyuyijiyuanyangyunshuanquanbaozhanghehaiyangshengchanxuqiu,kaizhanhaishangdafeng、dawu、taifengdenghaiyangqixiangzaihaiziliaoshouji,jianlizhuanyehuadehaiyangqixiangzaihaijianceyujingzhibiaotixihehaiyangjingjiqixiangfanyadianjingzhibiaotixi;fazhanhaishangdafeng、haiwen、nengjiandu、dawu、jiangshuidenghaikuangyubaohehaiyangwurankuosanyubaojishu;zaicijichushangfazhanchuanbohaiyangdaohangqixiangfanyadianjingjishu,jianlizuiyouhangxianxuanqumoxing;shenhuayuhaishi、gangkou、yinhang、yuyedengbumenyijixiangguanguojiadeshehaijiancexinxigongxiang,tuidongxingchenghaiyangqixiangzaihaiyingjiliandongfanyadianjingtixi。ershijingen“yidaiyilu”minhanghangxianwangluofanyadianjinghequyuminhangshuniufanyadianjingbuju,tuidongyuhangkonggongsidefeijiqixiangguanceshujugongxiang,tuidongzhonggaokongshuzhiyubaochanpindehangkongqixiangshiyongjishu、hangxiantianqiyaosuyubaoyujingjishu、jichangzhongduanqugaoyingxiangtianqiyubaojingbaojishudekejichengguozhuanhuaheyingyong,weihangkongyunxingtigonggengjiajingxidefanyadianjingbaozhangdaxiajichu。

泛亚电竞 ——tuozhannonglinmuyuyeqixiangfanyadianjing。weiraobaozhangliangshianquan、cujinnongyejishufanyadianjinghenongchanpinmaoyitouzixuqiu,kaizhanguowaizhongzhiqunongyeqihouziyuanpuchapinggu、jingxihuanongyeqihouziyuanquhua,weiwajueguowaizuowushengchanqianli、youhuazuowubujutigongjishuzhicheng。jiaqianghegaijinguowaidazongzuowuchanliangyubaoyewu,tansuokaizhanguowaizhongzhiqudazongzuowuchanliangyubao,tigongzuowuchanliangqixiangpingjiaheyubaofanyadianjing。zuohaoguowaizhongzhiqunongyezaihaixing、guanjianxingtianqiyubaoheguanjiannongshitianqiyubaoyijinongyebingchonghaiyubao,tigaonongyequlibihaidenengli。mianxiang“yidaiyilu”yanxianguojiatedingyonghuxuqiu,genjuqixiangtiaojianyutesenongye、sheshinongye、jingzhunnongyedeguanxi,tigongfazhantesenongye、sheshinongye、jingzhunnongyedeqixiangtiaojianlibifenxi、duiceyujianyi,tigongyouchan、youzhi、gaoxiaonongyeqixiangdiaokongshiyongjishu。jijifazhanchumuye、linye、shuichanyangzhi、haiyangyuye、shengtailvyouyijiliangshicangchudengdeqixiangfanyadianjing。

——dazao“silu”lvyouqixiangfanyadianjingpinpai。weiraodazaojuyousilutesedeguojijingpinlvyouxianluhechanpindezongtisilu,yifanyadianjingrujinglvyouweizhu、chujinglvyouweifu,dazao“silu”lvyouqixiangfanyadianjingpinpai。“sichouzhilu”shizhongguolvyouzuigulaoerqiezuijudaibiaoxingdepinpaizhiyi,yaoshizheitiaogulaodelvyouxianluzaicifanrong,yaocongtianqiduirenmenlvyou、chuxingdeyingxiangkaolv,kaizhansilulvyouqihouquhua、qihoubianhuayingxiangpingguheqihoufengxianpinggu,tigongquanguolvyoushiyiluoqutuheshiyilvyoudejijiedengxinxi;tigongjujiaozhilvyouchengshihezhumingjingdianjijiaotongyanxiandejingxihuatianqishikuangjiance、yubaoyujingfanyadianjing;fazhanqixiangjingguanyubao,peiyujuyousichouzhilutesejingpinqixianglvyouxianlu,yulvyoubumenlianhedazaolvyouheqixiangkuajieronghedechanyelianmeng;qianghuamianxianglvyoujingquguanligexiangguanbumen、jingqubinguanfandian、lvyouqiye、daoyoutuanduidengdeqixiangxinxichuanbofanyadianjing,shixiankuadiyu、kuabumen、kuaxingyedelvyouziyuan、qixiangfanyadianjing、jiaotongchuxing、haiyangtianqidengxinxidehuiji、zonghexianshihejingzhunfenfa。mianxiangchujinglvyou,zhendui“yidaiyilu”yanxianguojiazhongdianlvyouquyu、zhongdianlvyouxianlu、zhongdianlvyouchengshi、zhongdianlvyoujingquhelvyoujiaotongganxiantianqidejianceheyubao,weiyoukechuxingtigongjishi、zhunquedeqixiangyubaofanyadianjingxinxi。jianlikaifanghezuojizhi,yu“yidaiyilu”yanxianguojialianhekaizhanguanguanglvyou、xiuxianlvyou、huaxuelvyou、youlunlvyou、binhailvyou、shandilvyou、senlinlvyou、shengtailvyoudengqixiangfanyadianjingshifanqufanyadianjing。

泛亚电竞 ——jiaqiang“yidaiyilu”qixiangfanyadianjingguihuashejihezhongdaxiangmufanyadianjing

泛亚电竞 weiraofanyadianjingguoqixiangfanyadianjingzouchuqu、huhang“yidaiyilu”chanyefazhanhebaozhangtonglu、tonghang、tongshanganquanyijicujinsichouzhiluyanxianguojiahediquwenhuawanglaifanyadianjingdengzhongdianrenwu,zuzhizhiding“yidaiyilu”qixiangfanyadianjingfazhanguihua,mingqueguihuamubiao、zhongdianrenwu、wunianxingdongjihuahezhongdabiaozhixinggongcheng,zuohao“yidaiyilu”qixiangfanyadianjingdingcengsheji,tuidongfanyadianjingshiying“yidaiyilu”xuqiudeguangfugaideqixiangguancexitong、jingzhunhuadeqixiangyubaoxitonghezhuanyehuadeqixiangfanyadianjingxitong,zengqiangqixiangfanyadianjingzai“yidaiyilu”fanyadianjingdezhichengbaozhangnengli。anzhao“fanyadianjingyipi、qidongyipi、chubeiyipi”deyuanze,jianli”yidaiyilu”qixiangfanyadianjingzhongdaxiangmuku,binggenjuxuyaoconggedixiangmuzhongjishiyouxuan、gundongdiaozhenghebuchong。zhongdiantuijin“yidaiyilu”jiaotongqixiangzaihaifengxianbianshiyuyubaoyujingfanyadianjing、“yidaiyilu”jingxihualvyouqixiangfanyadianjing、“yidaiyilu”nengyuanqixiangfanyadianjing、“haishangsichouzhilu”qixiangbaozhanggongcheng、“yidaiyilu”yanxianguojiarengongyingxiangtianqishifanfanyadianjing、“yidaiyilu”zongheqixiangxinxijiaohuwangluo、“yidaiyilu”yanxianguojiaqixiangfanyadianjingzhongxinshifanfanyadianjing、qixiangweixingyaoganshujuyingyongxiangmudengfanyadianjing。

(四)强化面向全球的精细化气象监测预报泛亚电竞能力

——qianghuamianxiangquanqiudejingxihuafanyadianjingnengli。jianlifugai“yidaiyilu”yanxianguojiadejingxihuayubaofanyadianjingyewu,yidongbei、xibei、xinanhewulumuqiquyushuzhiyubaomoshixitongweijichu,jianlihangaizhongyahedongnanyaguojiakongjianfenbianlv3gongli,zhu3xiaoshigengxindejingxihua、gedianhuayubaofanyadianjingyewu,shixian“yidaiyilu”zhongyaochengshi、gangkouyijizhongyaojiediandedingdian、dingshi、dingliangyubaofanyadianjinghejiyuweizhideqixiangfanyadianjing。wanshanqixiangyujingxinxifabuwangluo,yixianyoudeqixiangyujingxinxifabuwangluoweijichu,jianli“yidaiyilu”yanxian、yitihuadeqixiangxinxiquanmeiti(dianshi、wangzhan、guangbo、shoujikehuduan)fabutixi,jianlifugaizhongyahenanyadiqudeduoyuzhongjingxihuaqixiangfanyadianjingwangzhan,lianheyanfa“yidaiyilu”duoyuzhongqixiangfanyadianjingyingshijiemu,shixianduizhongyahenanyazhongdianchengshiqixiangfanyadianjingxinxidequanfugai。fanyadianjingyihaiyangqixiangguangboxitonghebeidouweixingyujingfabuxitongweihexin,jiehedianshi、wangluo、shoujidengduozhongshouduandehaiyangxinxifabuwangluo,shixianduiyidaiyiluhaiyangxinxidequanfugai。qianghuaquanqiuhaiyangqixiangfanyadianjing,jiaqiangnanhaitaifengjianceyujingzhongxinhedonghaihaiyangqixiangzhongxinfanyadianjing,goujianzhenduihaishangqiangduiliutianqihehaishangdafeng、haiwudenghaiyangqixiangzaihaidejingxihuayubaofanyadianjingtixi,fanyadianjingnanhaitaifengjianceyujingjifanyadianjingzhongyingwenwangzhan,kaizhanquanqiuhaiyangqixiangdaohangfanyadianjing,wei“yidaiyilu”renyihangxian、quanqiuzhongyaogangkoutigonggenzongshideshishitianqiyujinghehaishangguanzhudegeleitianqiyubaoyujingxinxi。

——qianghuamianxiangquanqiudejingxihuayubaonengli。zaizhandianyubao、moshixingnengfenxidejichushang,xingchengbaokuoxiya、nanya、dongnanyahebeiyinduyang、nanhaidengquyude“yidaiyilu”wanggehuaqixiangyaosuyubaojishu,jianli“yidaiyilu”jingxihuaqixiangyaosuyubaoxitong(yewu),shixian“yidaiyilu”yanxianzhuyaochengshi、gangkou、kouanhejiaotongshuniuzhandianyitian4ci,zuizhangyubaoshixiao15tian、zuixiaoshijianfenbianlv1xiaoshidejingxihuaqixiangyaosuyubao,yuzhandianyubaoxiangronghede“yidaiyilu”yanxianwanggehuaqixiangyaosuyubao(lushanghehaishang),zaicijichushangshixian“yidaiyilu”yanxianrenyidianhejiaotongyanxiandeqixiangyaosuyubao,yubaochanpintongguowangzhandengfangshitigongfanyadianjing。jiaqiangnanhaitaifengjianceyujingzhongxinfanyadianjing,jiaqiangnanhaitaifengdenghaiyangqixiangjianceyujingyewuguifanfanyadianjinghehexinjishuyanfa,zhelitishengnanhaiquyutaifengjianceyujinghefanyadianjingnengli。jiaqiangnanhaiquyushuzhiyubaonenglifanyadianjing,fazhannanhaitaifengmoshi、haiyangmoshi,tigaomoshidejisuanjingduhewendingxing,tigaoyichangtaifenglujingyubao。jiaqiangshachenbaoyujingzhongxinfanyadianjing,yanfashachenbaotianqijiancejishu,tishengshachenbaoyubaoyujingnengli。jiaqiangyazhouhangkongqixiangzhongxinzhichengnenglifanyadianjing,wanshan“yazhouhangkongqixiangfanyadianjingwangfanyadianjing”,yanfajiance、fenxi、zhidaoyubaodengchanpin,jianlifugaiyazhouquyudeyewuquyumoshixitong。jiaqiangyazhouyanshenqi-yue-ji-nianqihouyucenenglifanyadianjing,zhendui“yidaiyilu”diqudeguanjianhuanliuxitong,jinyibufenxidongliqihoumoshiduiyanshenqizhongdatianqiguochengzhuanzhexingyucedenengli,jiyuyanshenqidongliyubaomoshijiehetongjifangfakaifayanshenqishiyongjishu。fazhanduomoshijichengkeguanyucehejiangchidujieshiyingyongjishu,jianlizhongguoduomoshijiheyucexitong,yanfafenbianlvwei30gonglideyue、jiquanqiuwendu、jiangshuigedianyucechanpin。

泛亚电竞 ——qianghuamianxiang“yidaiyilu”deshujuzhichengbaozhangnengli。zengqiangqixiangshujushoujiyugongxiangnengli,yituobeijingquanqiuxinxifanyadianjingzhongxinjiwistongxinwangluohehulianwang,caiyongyunjisuan、dashujufenxi、shujuwajueheyidonghuliandengjishu,jinyibujiaqiangzhongguoqixiangjudeqixiangshujushouji、fenfayugongxiangfanyadianjingnengli,zhichi“yidaiyilu”yanxianguojiabianjiehuoquqixiangguanceshujuheshuzhimoshi、jingxihuayubaodengchanpin。zengqiang“yidaiyilu”yanxianguojiajiandeqixiangtongxinnengli,caiyonghulianwang+dengjishu,liyongzhongguoqixiangjuweixingshujuguangbo(cmacast)dengxitong,wei“yidaiyilu”yanxianguojiajiantigongqixiangshujukuaisufenfafanyadianjing,tishengxiangguanguojiashujushoujihefanyadianjingzhichengnengli。jianliwanshanquyushujugongxiangjihezuofanyadianjingjizhi,yizhongguo—dongmengqixianghezuoluntan、zhongyadaqikexueyanjiuzhongxinweipingtai,jianlizhongguo—zhongyahezhongguo—dongnanyashujugongxiangjizhi,kaizhanqixiangfanyadianjingjishufanyadianjing,tebieshikaizhanqixiangzaihaifengxianyujing、jingxihuayubaofanyadianjing、hulianwang+xinxifabujishudepeixunheyuanzhu,lianhekaizhanyanxianzhuyaoqixiangzaihaideyubaoyujingfanyadianjing。

五、主要推进方式

泛亚电竞 zhenghefanyadianjingziyuan,dazaochuhaihangmu。yituijin“yidaiyilu”qixiangfanyadianjingweiqiji,zhengheguojiaqixiangfanyadianjingziyuan,yiguojiajiqixiangfanyadianjingyewudanweiweilongtou,tongyiduiwaiqixiangfanyadianjingpinpai、guifanfanyadianjingbiaozhun,dazaozhongguohaiwaitianqifanyadianjinghangmu,yijiyuehuadekeji、yewushilijijicanyuyidaiyiluyanxianguojiaqixiangfanyadianjingguojijingzheng。jianli“yidaiyilu”zonghexinxijiaohuwangluo,weiyidaiyiluqixiangfanyadianjingtigongjishuzhicheng,zhongdianjiejueyidaiyiluyanxianguojiaqixiangfanyadianjingxiangguanguanceshuju、jingjishehuizhuangkuangyijiqixiangfanyadianjingxuqiufangmianxinxiziliaobuzudewenti;jianliyidaiyiluguojiaqixiangfanyadianjingxuqiuxinxishujuxinxishoujifenxixitong,jishixiangqixiangfanyadianjingdanwei、qiyetigongdongtaidechanyefazhan、touzishengchanjuecedengfanyadianjingxinxi,weiqixiangfanyadianjingkexuejuecetigongjuecezhicheng。

fanyadianjingquyushifan,tigaozhongguoqixiangfanyadianjingguojishengyu。zaichongfendiaoyanlejiebutongguojiaqixiangfanyadianjinghuanjing、nenglihexuqiudejichushang,jianli“yidaiyilu”qixiangfanyadianjingzhanlvezhichengdian,xuanzeyufanyadianjingguoqixiangfanyadianjinghezuojichujiaohao,fenbuheli,qixiangguance、fanyadianjingnenglijidaijiaqiang、qixiangfanyadianjingxuqiupoqiedeguojiahuodiqukaizhanqixiangfanyadianjinghaiwaizhongxinfanyadianjingshifan,zhubushixianyifanyadianjingnengliweijichu,yihaiwaizhongxinweiyituo,yiwendingtigongyouzhifanyadianjingweimubiaodequyuqixiangfanyadianjingfazhancelve,yidiandaimian,wenbutuijinqixiangfanyadianjingzaizhongdianquyudeshifanzuoyong,tigaofanyadianjingguoqixiangfanyadianjingzaihaiwaidenengliheshengyu。yiquyuqixiangfanyadianjingxuqiuweijichu,yiyidaiyiluqixiangfanyadianjingzhongdian、nandianweiduixiang,zaihuligongyingdeqiantixia,yuxiangguanguojiahuodiqugongjianqixiangzaihailianheshiyanshi(yanjiuzhongxin),shixianqixiangzaihaifangyuguanjianjishunenglidejizhonggongguan。congquyuqixiangfenbukan,dongnanyadiquderedaiqixuanyanjiu,nanyadiquredaijifengqihoujibaoyuyanjiu,ouyadaludiqudaluxingqihou、huangmoqunongyeshengchan、hanchaoyijidiwenbingdongyanjiudengdouduitishengyidaiyiluqixiangfanyadianjingnengliyijiguoneixiangguanqixiangfanyadianjingjishunenglidetigaojuyouzhongyaodejiazhi。

yituoxiehuizuzhi,dajianqixiangfanyadianjingtuijiepingtai。chongfenliyongzhongguoqixiangfanyadianjingxiehuidengchanyejijiepingtaigongneng,yiqixiangfanyadianjingtuijiehuidengxingshi,youzhenduixingdidingqikaizhanchanpinfanyadianjinghuodong,mochafanyadianjingguodaxingguoyouqiyezouchuquqixiangfanyadianjingxuqiu,guangfanlianxiqixiangfanyadianjingjishuziyuanheqixiangfanyadianjingqiyeshengchanziyuan,weifanyadianjingguodaxingguoyouqiyezouchuqutigongruanyingjianjiehe、geleizhuanyefanyadianjingshouduanqiquandezongheqixiangfanyadianjingjiejuefangan,tongshiyoulituozhanzhongguoqixiangfanyadianjingqiyehaiwaiyewufazhankongjian。

jieliguojipingtai,tuidongxinxingguojihezuojizhijianli。fahuifanyadianjingguozuoweiwmoquyuzhongxinxianyouduobianhezuojizhizuoyong,yiguojiatuijinyidaiyiluduobianhezuoxiangmujiyatouxingjichusheshixiangmuweiqiji,tansuoyidaiyiluqixiangfanyadianjinglingyuduobianhezuopingtaidefanyadianjing。yiciweijichu,zhubutuidongjianliwanshanyuyidaiyiluguojiashuangbianlianhegongzuojizhi,xiediaotuidonghezuoxiangmushishi,shixianqixiangfanyadianjingguojiaguihuazhidingdehezuojizhi,tongguoqianshushuangbianhezuobeiwangluhuohezuoguihua,youzhenduixingdijiaqiangyuzhongdianguojiaguojixiangmuhezuojizhiyanjiu,fanyadianjingyipishuangbianhezuoqixiangfanyadianjingshifanxiangmu。

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